Historians and students of the Reformation are very familiar with the role of the Antichrist in religious reformers’ thinking and religious politics. Bob Scribner’s classic study, For the Sake of Simple Folk, analyzes Lutheran print propaganda, including imagery of the Antichrist. The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, by Ole Peter Grell and Andrew Cunningham, emphasizes the Apocalyptic culture of the Reformation period, which envisioned the Antichrist as already active in fomenting evil on the earth. Many Reformation leaders believed that the Last Days were coming in their own lifetime.
The concept of the Antichrist is alive and well in American politics today. An op-ed in the New York Times by Matthew Avery Sutton, Associate Professor of History at Washington State University, discusses the role that the Antichrist plays in current politics in the United States.