New Italian Paleography Website

The Center for Renaissance Studies at the Newberry Library has created a new Italian paleography website and digital resource.

This resource will be incredibly useful resource for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers in Renaissance studies.

Here is the Center for Renaissance Studies’ announcement:

The Newberry Library’s Center for Renaissance Studies proudly launches a new digital resource devoted to Italian paleography, sponsored by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Paleography, the study of the history of handwriting and scripts in books, manuscripts, and other documents, is essential for scholarly research in the humanities for the premodern period.  Created and edited by Isabella Magni (Newberry Library), Lia Markey (Newberry Library), and Maddalena Signorini (Università di Roma-Tor Vergata) in collaboration with the University of Toronto Libraries Information Technology Services and the Walter J. Ong S.J. Center for Digital Humanities at St. Louis University, this new website provides pedagogical tools for the study of Italian vernacular handwriting from 1100 to 1700 using manuscripts in the Newberry collections as well as other US institutions. The new paleography site complements a resource devoted to French paleography launched in 2016, also funded by the Mellon Foundation and designed in partnership between the Newberry, Toronto, and St. Louis. Like the French site, the intended audience of the Italian site is varied: scholars preparing to conduct research in Italian archives; students studying Italian language, history and culture; curators, librarians, and archivists who work with manuscripts; calligraphers and graphic designers interested in historical scripts; and anyone who would like to experiment with transcribing early Italian documents.

The site features 102 digitized manuscripts representing 7 different types of scripts and 3 difficulty levels. Each manuscript is paired with a transcription and a scholarly entry written by a specialist in the field. These background essays provide the historical, cultural, and at times codicological context for the manuscripts. Using the Ong Center’s transcription tool, T-PEN, users of the site can transcribe the documents and save their transcriptions online.  The site includes a handbook describing the various types of scripts and providing the history of the vernacular in medieval and Renaissance Italy. The site also comprises an appendix with significant manuscript calligraphy books and maps from Italy in the Newberry collections to showcase the library’s rich holdings and to provide another context for studying handwriting from the period. Finally, examples of abbreviations and symbols, a glossary of paleography terms, links to dictionaries, and bibliography and references provide essential resources for the study of Italian paleography. Over the next year, the team plans to incorporate teaching materials to make integration of the site into the classroom seamless.

You can access the Italian Paleography website here: https://italian-paleography.library.utoronto.ca

Follow the website on Twitter at: https://twitter.com/italpaleography

For more information, see the website of the Center for Renaissance Studies at the Newberry Library.

Posted in Archival Research, Court Studies, Digital Humanities, Early Modern Europe, Early Modern World, European History, Graduate Work in History, Italian History, Mediterranean World, Noble Culture and History of Elites, Reformation History, Renaissance Art and History, The Past Alive: Teaching History | Leave a comment

Historical Archivist Jobs

Many federal, state, and local government institutions offer historical archivist jobs, as do museums, corporations, and non-for-profit organizations. Historical archivists typically work with collections of personal papers, official records, company files, material objects, and miscellanea.

Archivio di Stato di Venezia (State Archives of Venice)

History undergraduate and graduate students are trained in archival methods and have experience in conducting research in archives and special collections. So, they are well prepared to work as historical archivists, humanities librarians, and specialized researchers.

History Associates is currently offering several positions for historical archivists, working with former government officials’ papers.

The History Associates job ads are available online on H-Net.

 

Posted in Archival Research, Careers in History, Jobs and Positions, Museums and Historical Memory | Leave a comment

D-Day 75th Anniversary

Today is the 75th Anniversary of the D-Day landings in Normandy during the Second World War.  So, the Second World War is front-page news today in news media around the world, and many of the reports have a direct link to my course on War in Film at Northern Illinois University.

The New York Times published an interesting article on “‘Saving Private Ryan’ Got My Dad to Finally Talk About the War.”

Here is a link to the article: https://www.nytimes.com/2019/06/05/opinion/d-day-movies-75th-anniversary.html

Historical anniversaries and commemorations often represent important moments for historical reflection and reinterpretation. So, students interested in the Second World War on film should scout out the coverage of the D-Day commemorations today and the rest of the week.

The BBC reports on official commemorations of D-Day in Normandie, France. The New York Times has additional coverage of the D-Day commemorations, as well as articles on Ernie Pyle‘s wartime reporting, D-Day battlefield archaelogy in Normandie, and historical memory of D-Day in France.

 

Posted in European History, European Union, French History, Historical Film, History of Violence, Museums and Historical Memory, War and Society, War in Film, War, Culture, and Society | Leave a comment

Political Realism in Apocalyptic Times

This week’s horrific Easter bombings in Sri Lanka remind us once again of the troubling presence of religious violence in today’s world.

Alison McQueen recent book, Political Realism in Apocalyptic Times (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018), grapples with the politics of apocalyptic thinking and the role of religion in political theory.

My review of Alison McQueen’s Political Realism in Apocalyptic Times has just been published by The Strategy Bridge. 

I write: “We seem to be living in apocalyptic times. Since the September 11 attacks in 2001, apocalyptic language and visions of worldly destruction have proliferated in American political culture and news media and around the world. George W. Bush’s crusading Global War on Terror rhetoric employed frequent allusions to God’s will and the Last Judgment. The massive American bombardment and invasion of Iraq—accompanied by oil fires, looting, and destruction—produced a wealth of apocalyptic imagery. The ensuing sectarian conflict during the Iraq War fueled horrific killings, market bombings, and massacres. The brutality of the Syrian Civil War has prompted millions of Syrians to flee as refugees from a war-torn and devastated landscape. Militants have claimed to be acting to establish an Islamic State in Iraq and Syria in preparation for the end times. Civil warfare and religious violence in Nigeria, Congo, Libya, Sudan, Somalia, Pakistan, Myanmar, Indonesia, and other nations is often described in apocalyptic terms. Meanwhile, climate scientists warn of the potentially devastating effects of global warming, leading many journalists to offer apocalyptic predictions of global disaster.”

“Within this context, Alison McQueen’s Political Realism in Apocalyptic Times offers a refreshing approach to religion in political theory. …”

My review of Alison McQueen’s Political Realism in Apocalyptic Times is available online at The Strategy Bridge

Posted in History of Violence, Political Culture, Political Theory, Religious History, Religious Politics, Religious Violence, Renaissance Art and History, Strategy and International Politics, War and Society, War, Culture, and Society | 1 Comment

Last Doolittle Raider Dies

Lt. Richard E. Cole, the last crewmember of the Doolittle Raiders, has died. Lt. Richard E. Cole, known as Dick Cole, was co-pilot on the lead plane, piloted by Lt. Col. James H. Doolittle, during a bombing mission on Tokyo in April 1942.

Sixteen B-25 bombers of the U.S. Army Air Corps launched from the USS Hornet aircraft carrier on 18 April 1942, on a mission to bomb Tokyo, in an attack that became known as the “Doolittle Raid.”

The New York Times reports: “Richard E. Cole, who was Jimmy Doolittle’s co-pilot in the lead plane of a storied mission in the history of American air power, the bombing raid on Japan in retaliation for its attack on Pearl Harbor months earlier, died on Tuesday in San Antonio. He was 103 and the last survivor of the 80 Doolittle raiders, who carried out America’s first strikes against the Japanese homeland in World War II.”

Lt. Richard E. Cole, co-pilot, is pictured second from the right in this photo. Photo credit: U.S. Air Force.

Students in HIST 384 History of War since 1500 at Northern Illinois University will be interested in this story, having read John Dower’s War Without Mercy, while studying the Pacific War this semester.

For context on the Doolittle Raid and the Pacific War, see:

Gunter Bischof and Robert L. Dupont, eds., The Pacific War Revisited (Baton Rouge, LA, 1997).

John W. Dower, War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War (New York, NY:
Pantheon Books, 1986).

Richard B. Frank, Downfall: The End of the Imperial Japanese Empire (1999).

Ronald Spector, Eagle Against The Sun: The American War With Japan (1985).

The New York Times has published an obituary on Dick Cole.  CNN also reports on Dick Cole’s death.

Posted in History in the Media, Maritime History, Strategy and International Politics, War and Society, War, Culture, and Society | 1 Comment

Swiss Reformation Conference

The H. Henry Meeter Center will host “The Swiss Reformation at 500,” a two-day conference to mark the beginning of the Swiss Reformation in 1519, when Huldrych Zwingli started his work in Zurich. Bruce Gordon (Yale Divinity School), Amy Nelson Burnett (University of Nebraska-Lincoln), John Roth (Goshen College), Jordan Ballor (Acton Institute), and Esther Chung-Kim (Claremont McKenna College) will assess the impact of Zwingli’s work and of the Swiss Reformation and its significance for us today. Please join us on September 13-14, 2019 at Calvin Theological Seminary (3233 Burton St. SE, Grand Rapids, MI 49546).

For more information and to register, see https://calvin.edu/…/meeter-c…/swiss-reformation-conference/.

Posted in Conferences, Early Modern Europe, European Union, European Wars of Religion, Reformation History, Religious History, Renaissance Art and History | Leave a comment

Occupation of Paris after the Napoleonic Wars

My French history colleague and friend, Christine Haynes, discusses her new book on the occupation of Paris at the end of the Napoleonic Wars in a podcast of The Siècle.

Christine Haynes’s book is entitled, Our Friends the Enemies: The Occupation of France after Napoleon (Harvard University Press, 2018).

The Siècle podcast is available online.

Harvard University Press provides this overview:

“The Napoleonic wars did not end with Waterloo. That famous battle was just the beginning of a long, complex transition to peace. After a massive invasion of France by more than a million soldiers from across Europe, the Allied powers insisted on a long-term occupation of the country to guarantee that the defeated nation rebuild itself and pay substantial reparations to its conquerors. Our Friends the Enemies provides the first comprehensive history of the post-Napoleonic occupation of France and its innovative approach to peacemaking.

“From 1815 to 1818, a multinational force of 150,000 men under the command of the Duke of Wellington occupied northeastern France. From military, political, and cultural perspectives, Christine Haynes reconstructs the experience of the occupiers and the occupied in Paris and across the French countryside. The occupation involved some violence, but it also promoted considerable exchange and reconciliation between the French and their former enemies.

“By forcing the restored monarchy to undertake reforms to meet its financial obligations, this early peacekeeping operation played a pivotal role in the economic and political reconstruction of France after twenty-five years of revolution and war. Transforming former European enemies into allies, the mission established Paris as a cosmopolitan capital and foreshadowed efforts at postwar reconstruction in the twentieth century.”

 

 

Posted in Civilians and Refugees in War, Early Modern Europe, European History, French History, French Revolution and Napoleon, History of Violence, Paris History, Urban History, War and Society, War, Culture, and Society, Warfare in the Early Modern World | Leave a comment